(forth). Modals and Copulas in Aristotle. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy.
(forth). Recent Work on Modality and Causation. Analysis.
(2011). Counterfactuals, Overdetermination, and Mental Causation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society. [Wiley]
Aristotle's Metaphysics of Modality
Papers in Progress
The term δυνατόν in Ancient Greek and Aristotle
Sources of Change in Antiquity
I argue that in Metaphysics Theta 1 Aristotle defines the most basic type of active potentialities as efficient causes.
Aristotle's Posterior Analytics I.8
I argue that in Posterior Analytics I.8 Aristotle brings in and regiments a notion of knowledge which extends to facts about particulars. He achieves this by introducing us to demonstrations which are ‘as if accidental’ (75b25), in a sense I explain.
Aristotle's Posterior Analytics II.4
Aristotle's Metaphysics Theta 5
When do potentialities get exercised? Aristotle answers this question in Metaphysics Theta 5. Roughly, his answer is that a potentiality must be exercised whenever the agent and the patient meet under the appropriate conditions (1048a6-7 and 11-13). I carefully reconstruct the chapter and look at some of its implications. It is often suggested that this chapter connects efficient causation and necessity. But what connection exactly does it introduce? I argue that in Metaphysics Theta 5 Aristotle does not endorse the reduction of causation to necessary connections. Rather, he merely commits to the view that there is a correlation between efficient causation and necessity: whenever we have an instance of efficient causation, a given necessity claim is true. I conclude by making a suggestion about what motivates, in his view, this sort of correlation.
Causal Relata for Efficient Causation
Aristotle famously endorses pluralism about causal relata; he allows that causes and effects can be things, or events, or states of affairs, or universals. However, I argue, in his view ultimately causal relata are universals. Other types of causal relata qualify as such in a derivative way. My argument mainly relies on Physics II.3.
Metaphysics and Social Philosophy
Causation and Events
A Unified Semantics for Causal Claims
Degrees of Modality
The Cause vs A Cause
(2017). Teaching Citizenship in Prison - Insegnando Cittadinanza in Carcere (*in Italian*; with Paolo Banfi). Ristretti Orizzonti. [The next piece in the same issue, Stay Human!, was written by my students in prison during seminars.]